September 22, 2015 at 4:56 PM
Welcome back to our Bavarian tour, last time we left you in Kelheim, now it’s time to hit the road towards Ingolstadt.
Jump on the B16 in Saal an der Donau towards Ingolstadt, without traffic you should be there in ¾ of an hour.
For those who are fond of conspiracy theories they should know that Ingolstadt is the hometown of the Illuminati secret society.
Built over the northern and southern banks of the Danube River the city was first mentioned in a document dating from 806 AD, that is to say from Charlemagne’s times as “Ingoldes Stat”. By 1250 AD it was granted city status. Between 1392 and 1447 Ingolstadt was the capital of the duchy of Bavaria-Ingolstadt and was then united with Bavaria-Landshut. The university opened its doors in 1472 and was a cradle of the Anti-reformation movements. In 1632, the city was sieged by the Swedish troops of King Gustav II. Originally a fortress city it is still encircled by its medieval walls. During World War I, Charles de Gaulle was detained as a POW. The city still prides itself on its military tradition with the conversion of “Off-limit” military training camps into parks.
When in the city don’t forget to visit the:
- Kreutzor (7-turreted guard tower)
- Old City
- HallHerrnbraü Beer Brewery
Let’s now drive to Augsburg the next stop in our trip across Bavaria. Take the A9 in Langenbruck and then follow the B300 and exit in Augsburg-Ost.
Welcome to Augsburg, the capital of Swabia and 3rd oldest city in Germany. The city of Augsburg is extremely ancient as it was built by the Romans as Augusta Vindelicorum. Augsburg was also home to the two patrician families that replaced the De’ Medici as Europe’s leading bankers: the Fugger and the Welser families.
Founded in 15 BC by Drusus and Tiberius it soon became the capital of the Roman province of Raetia. The city exponentially grew during the Roman period due its strategic location both militarily and commercially being at the crossroads of trade routes which expanded in the Middle Ages. The city was sacked by the Huns, by Charlemagne and by Welf of Bavaria but arose each time to greater prosperity.
On March 9, 1276 the city was granted the title of Free Imperial City granting it independence from its former overlord and the Prince-Bishop of Augsburg. With this status it authorised two families, the Fuggers and the Welsers to grow their wealth. The Fuggers became so wealthy that in 1516, they donated the Fuggerei (social housing complex) to the city. The city did not suffer much from the religious tensions of the 1500s. However the 1600s proved tough times for the city with the capitulation to the Swedish troops and the Siege from the imperial army in 1634/35 that led to numerous epidemics such as the plague and typhus slashing the population from 70,000 down to 16,000. This tough period lasted till the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved and the city was annexed to become part of the Kingdom of Bavaria, which led to the industrialisation of the city by the 19th century with a specialisation in the textile industry.
During World War II the city became an important military location both for the Wehrmarcht and the presence of Messerschmitt AG installation which HQ was located in the city.
When in the city have a stroll around the:
- City Hall
- Perlach Tower
If you want to enjoy a nice meal visit the Papageno Restaurant right next to the theatre. If you want to park your motorhome to spend a bit more time in the area the Campingplatz Bella Augusta is located just on the outskirts of the city.
Once you are ready to leave get on the A9 straight to Munich, allow an hour for the journey.
Welcome to the capital of Bavaria, the 3rd largest city in Germany. Located on the banks of River Isar the city is a stone’s throw away from the Bavarian Alps. Originally founded in 1158, at least according to the earliest document found mentioning the name, Munich was granted city status as early as 1175 and received its fortifications, Duke Louis IV, once crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 1328 strengthened his city of birth’s economy by granting it the salt monopoly which ensured an additional income for the city allowing it to develop. During the 16th century, the city endured troubles due to the religion tensions and suffered the bubonic plague in 1634/35 which cut the population down by a third. The 17th and 18th centuries were fairly calm which helped the city to become a haven for artists. The 19th century however was the golden age of the city with enormous cultural and economic growth, but this ascent would soon be stopped by the subsequent wars and revolutions. However the growth of the city would resume during the 2nd half of the 20th century which peak was reached in 1972 with the hosting of XX Olympic Games.
When in Munich you can’t miss:
- Nymphenburg Palace
- The new town hall
- Bavarian National Museum
- Olympic Park
While you are in Munich you must have a meal at the Hofbraühaus (the main brewery of the city), if you plan to stay for a bit longer, Campingplatz Obermenzing is a nice place to stay. Once you have finished visiting the city and its surroundings drive straight to Neuschwanstein. Allow an hour and a half without traffic, take the A96 towards Memmingen and take the exit 24 in Landsberg am Lech – West and take the B17 towards Schongau and continue towards Austria, then follow towards Neuschwanstein castle.
Welcome to “Sleeping Beauty’s Castle”, Neuschwanstein, probably one of the most picturesque landmarks in Bavaria. This stunning castle from the 19th century was commissioned by King Ludwig II of Bavaria who slept there for only 11 nights. However despite its looks the castle remains unfinished. The King wanted this castle as a refuge and for his personal use refusing to allow anyone else the residence, however, only 6 weeks after the mysterious death of the King the regent Luitpold opened the castle to tourists to manage the balance of construction debts. From then until World War I, Neuchwanstein was a lucrative source of revenue for the House of Wittlesbach, but by 1918 Ludwig’s palaces fell into the management of the Bavarian Palace Department. The castle was used during World War II as a depot for Nazi plunder from France and gold from the German Reichsbank.
It is often said that the air of height opens the appetite, if that’s the case go to Schlossrestaurant Neuschwanstein and enjoy a nice meal with a Bavarian beer. If you want to enjoy the lake and the beauty of the Bavarian Alps park your motorhome at Campingplatz Magdalena.